Pajamas or pyjamas, frequently shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can consult with various similar types of outfits originating from the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting garments derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[1] but often also for lounging,[2] also by both sexes.[3] Far more normally, pajamas may well check with several garments, for each daywear and nightwear, derived from standard pajamas and involving variations of fashion and content.

The phrase pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 from your Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[5][6] The original pyjāmā are loose, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans in the course of East India Organization rule in India.[7][8]

The throughout the world utilization of pajamas (the word as well as the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India within the 18th and 19th centuries, and also the British influence on the broader Western environment in the Victorian period. Pajamas were released to England as "lounging attire" as early because the seventeenth century, then referred to as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) However they soon fell out of fashion. The term pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the main 50 percent on the nineteenth century. They did not turn into a manner in Britain along with the Western earth as sleeping attire for men right up until the Victorian interval, from about 1870.[nine]

Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of use at some time (s.v. "pyjammas"):

Such a garment is utilized by several persons in India e.g. by Females of varied lessons, by Sikh Adult men, and most by Mohammedans of both sexes. It absolutely was adopted with the Mohammedans by Europeans as an article of dishabille and of night time attire, and is synonymous with Extensive Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It can be probable that we English took the habit similar to a excellent numerous Many others with the Portuguese. Hence Pyrard (c. 1610) says, in Talking of Goa Clinic: "Ils ont drive calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The phrase is now Employed in London retailers. An acquaintance furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty a long time back, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced toes sewn on to them (as was from time to time the situation with Individuals furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I believe, Sir, it's because of the White Ants."[ten]


Regular pajamas include a jacket-and-pants mix crafted from comfortable fabric, such as flannel or light-weight cotton.[11] The jacket component generally provides a placket front and its sleeves haven't any cuffs.[12] Lots of individuals opt to snooze or lounge in just the pajama pants, possibly having a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Due to this, pajama pants for guys and boys are often offered as separates.

In muske pidzame colloquial speech, these common pajamas are frequently termed PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[13] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally referred to as evening satisfies.

Some pajamas function a drop seat (generally known as a trap doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening in the seat, created to enable the wearer to conveniently use a bathroom. Fall seats were very common on pajamas designed before the 1950s, but while in the early 20-initial century These are rather unusual.
Modern day

Contemporary pajamas are derived from standard pajamas. There are plenty of variations in design for instance short sleeve pajamas,[14] zenske pidzame pajama bottoms[15] of various duration,[sixteen] or, occasionally, one particular-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating many supplies. Chiefly while in the US, extend-knit slumber apparel with rib-knit trimmings are frequent. Normally worn by little ones, these clothes often have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a single-piece), and may additionally be footed.

While pajamas tend to be distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments like nightgowns, inside the US, they've got from time to time bundled the latter as a top. Babydoll pyjamas Possess a kind of short costume major around shorts or shorter trousers.[18]

Pajamas might these days make reference to Ladies's combination daywear, specifically in the US wherever they grew to become well-known within the early twentieth century, consisting of brief-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight pants. Examples of these involve capri pajamas, Seashore pajamas, pidžame and hostess pajamas.[19]

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